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What is Cost to Company (CTC)? CTC Full Form and Calculation



Featured image: What is Cost to Company (CTC)?

Cost to Company (CTC) is often heard in the business world, but what does it actually mean? CTC is an important metric for businesses to track because it shows how much it costs the company to employ a particular employee. This includes all the direct and indirect expenses associated with that employee.

In this blog post, we will discuss what CTC is and how you can use it to better understand compensation structures.

Cost to Company definition

Cost to Company (CTC) is the total salary package of an employee. This includes basic pay, allowances, performance-based bonuses, and company-sponsored benefits.

You can think of Cost to company as the “all-in” or “fully loaded” cost of an employee. This term is used to include the salary costs AND the employer’s share of taxes and other benefits that are paid on behalf of the employee.

Often the CTC is also used as a benchmark for salary negotiations. While the CTC is a useful tool for employers, it is important to remember that it doesn’t always reflect the true cost of an employee.

For example, CTC it doesn’t account for the cost of overtime or the value of employee stock options. As a result, the CTC should be considered only part of the information for making employee compensation decisions.

How is Cost to Company calculated in salary?

Cost to Company is calculated by adding up the direct benefits, indirect benefits and savings contribution.

Direct benefits include salary, medical insurance and housing allowance.

Indirect benefits are items like annual leave, sick leave and pension contributions.

Savings contribution is the money that is put into a savings account or retirement fund.

The total cost to company is the sum of all the direct benefits, indirect benefits and savings contribution mentioned.

When you’re looking for a job, it’s important to understand how Cost to Company works. This way, you can get more out of your job offer. Make sure to ask your potential employer about all the elements that make up Cost to Company. Then you can make an informed decision about whether or not the job is right for you.

Cost to Company formula:

CTC = Basic Salary + Dearness Allowance (DA) + House Rent Allowance (HRA) + Special Allowance + Leave Travel Allowance (LTA) + Performance-Linked Incentives (PLI) + Health Insurance + Bonus + Superannuation Benefits.

Basic Salary

This is the fixed component of an employee’s salary.

Dearness Allowance (DA)

DA is an allowance paid to employees to help them cope with inflation and the rising cost of living. It is usually a percentage of the basic salary.

House Rent Allowance (HRA)

HRA is an allowance provided to employees to cover their rental expenses. It is typically a percentage of the basic salary.

Special Allowance

Special Allowance is an additional allowance given to employees that can be used for various purposes such as transportation, meals, etc.

Leave Travel Allowance (LTA)

LTA is an allowance provided to employees to cover their travel expenses when they take leave.

Performance-Linked Incentives (PLI)

PLI is an incentive paid to employees based on their performance, achievements, or targets met.

Health Insurance

Health insurance covers the medical expenses of employees and is often part of the CTC package.


Bonus is an additional payment given to employees based on their performance, company profits, or other predetermined criteria.

Superannuation Benefits

Superannuation benefits refer to contributions made by employers toward an employee’s retirement fund.

The specific percentages or values for each component may vary depending on the company’s policies, industry norms, and location.

What is CTC in salary, with an example?

Let’s calculate the cost to company for an employee with a total cost of $100,000.

  1. Start with the employee’s salary: For example, let’s assume the employee’s salary is $80,000.
  2. Add the employer’s share of payroll taxes: The employer’s share of payroll taxes can vary, but let’s assume it is 10% of the employee’s salary. In this case, it would be $8,000 (10% of $80,000).
  3. Include health insurance premiums: Health insurance premiums can also vary, so let’s assume it is $6,000 per year.
  4. Consider other benefits: Other benefits may include retirement contributions, bonuses, paid time off, and any other perks provided by the employer. For this example, let’s assume other benefits amount to $6,000 per year.
  5. Calculate the CTC: Add up all the components:
    • Salary: $80,000
    • Payroll taxes: $8,000
    • Health insurance premiums: $6,000
    • Other benefits: $6,000
    Total CTC = $80,000 + $8,000 + $6,000 + $6,000 = $100,000

Therefore, in this example, the employee’s cost to company (CTC) would be $100,000.

In general, businesses with higher labor costs will have higher cost to company rates. For example, businesses in New York City tend to have higher cost to company rates than businesses in less expensive regions of the country. Businesses that provide more generous benefits packages will also have higher cost to company rates.

Difference between Gross Salary and Cost to Company

comparison of ctc vs gross salary

Most people believe that their gross salary is the same as their cost to company (CTC). This is not true. Your gross salary is the amount of money your company pays before deductions. While your cost to company includes your salary as well as other benefits like:

  • housing allowance
  • medical insurance
  • retirement benefits.

In other words, your CTC is usually higher than your gross salary because it includes extra perks from your employer. Do remember that these benefits are not always guaranteed, and they may vary depending on your company’s policy.

Be aware of the difference between your gross salary and your CTC before making any financial decisions.

Related: Recruitment techniques to find the best talent

Difference between Take-home Salary and Cost to Company

ctc vs take home/net salary

The take home pay is the amount of money left with the employee after all the deductions are made from his/her salary. The deductions can be for income tax, professional tax, PF, etc. The take-home salary is also called net pay or net salary.

Cost to company (CTC) includes all the benefits and perks provided by an employer plus the basic salary. It is the total amount of money that a company spends on an employee during one year. The CTC includes provisions like medical insurance, transport allowance, housing allowance, etc. It also takes into account the employer’s contribution to the provident funds and gratuity.

The CTC is typically calculated on an annual basis and is used by employers to determine an employee’s compensation structure.

Cost to Company: Conclusion

To understand how your salary is broken down, it’s important to first understand the different terms that are used. Gross Salary is the total amount of money you earn before any deductions. While Take Home Salary is the amount of money you actually receive in your bank account each month.

Cost to Company (CTC) takes into account all mandatory deductions such as income tax, pension contributions, and health insurance premiums. This leaves you with a final figure that shows how much your company spends on employing you.

We hope this article cleared up some of the confusion around these terms and gave you a better understanding of how your salary is structured.

Looking for a new job? Read our article on new skills to learn to improve your chances.

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